Sinus Surgery is a procedure performed to remove blockages and enlarge the openings of the sinus drainage. The sinuses are the air-filled cavities behind the bones of the upper face, which can become blocked and inflamed, causing mucus buildup. This procedure is suitable to treat conditions such as persistent nasal congestion, recurring sinus infections, deviated nasal septum, nasal polyps and tumors. Patients may turn to surgery to treat sinusitis if other treatments including medications and nasal sprays have been unsuccessful in relieving symptoms. Sinus surgery is usually done with little discomfort and few risks.
Sinus surgery is a treatment option that clears blocked sinuses using surgical equipment to remove bone and tissue to enlarge the sinus opening. The type of surgery chosen is determined by several factors, including which sinuses are affected. The aim of sinus surgery is to reduce blockage and improve sinus drainage. The surgeon will enlarge the opening of the sinuses, remove any nasal polyps, and correct any defects that contribute to nasal obstruction. There are several types of sinus surgery that may be performed, depending on the patient's specific condition.
A balloon sinuplasty is a minimally invasive endoscopic procedure during which a thin balloon catheter is inserted into the nose to treat a chronic sinus infection. The balloon is gradually inflated to relieve blockages and widen the sinus passageways.
FESS is the most commonly performed sinus surgery. The operation is performed through the nose with tiny instruments while a thin fiber-optic tube (endoscope) with a tiny camera helps the surgeon visualize the area on a computer screen. The surgery is performed through the nostrils, leaving no external scars, only swelling and mild discomfort. It is an outpatient procedure.
Image-guided surgery allows surgeons to operate with a more precise visualization of the sinuses by combining endoscopic techniques with innovative electromagnetic imaging such as computed tomography scans (CT scans).
During the Caldwell-Luc procedure, the maxillary sinus is accessed with an incision through the upper mouth. A small part of the maxillary bone is removed to promote drainage of the maxillary sinuses.
Septoplasty is a surgical procedure to correct a deviated or deformed septum. The septum is the partition between the two nostrils. A deviated septum is when the septum is shifted towards one side. This corrective surgery opens the nasal passages thereby causing proper drainage of the sinuses.
A polypectomy may be performed alone or in conjunction with another type of sinus surgery. It is a surgical operation to remove polyps in the nose or sinuses which may be obstructing nasal drainage.
After sinus surgery, most patients experience major relief in symptoms such as facial pain and swelling, difficulty in breathing and headaches. The frequency and duration of sinus infections will also significantly decrease.