Sinus pain is the pain felt in the forehead, either side of the nose, upper jaw, teeth or between the eyes due to inflammation of the sinus. Sinus is hollow cavities in the skull which are connected together. The cheekbone holds the largest sinus which is the maxillary sinus. In the lower part of the forehead, light at the center, the frontal sinus is located. The ethmoid sinuses are located between the eyes and in the nasal bones are the sphenoid sinus.
These sinuses are lined with a thin layer of mucous membrane and they drain into the nose through a small pathway called “the middle meatus”. They help to humidify the air that is breathed in. Some pain may include fever, headache, poor sense of smell, sore throat, cough, facial pains, and a plunged nose. It is caused by infection either bacterial, viral or fungi, allergies, structural problems on the nose (if the septum that divides the nose is farther away from one side, it can obstruct airflow). It can be prevented by handwashing, use of sanitizers, avoiding smoking, and immunization. Pain killers are used to helping with the condition if the symptoms persist, antibiotics are to be administered as prescribed by the doctor. Sinus pain is also characterized by headache or pressure of a dull constant ache around the affected sinus.
The pain is felt in the involved sinus and intensifies when the person affected bends over or lies down. The pain is usually worsened by tilting the head forward or Valsalva maneuvers. Valsalva maneuver is done by attempting to exhale air against a closed airway (the mouth and the nose) and is used to test the sinuses.
Sinus pain is always localized depending on the sinuses affected. Maxillary sinus pain occurs in the cheek area (toothache) and head (headache). Frontal sinus pain is associated with pain in the forehead, ethmoidal pain is the pain or pressure behind the eyes and head.
The kind of pain that occurs behind the eyes, top of the head or back of the head. If the sinus pain is caused by colds, it could be treated by watchful waiting i.e. allowing time to pass before medical intervention. However, the bacterial in blocked sinus may lead to sinus infection known as sinusitis. Sinusitis is treated with antibiotics and other medication as prescribed by the doctor.
Sinus pain caused by cold or bacterial infection can be relieved by using a saline nose spray as suggested by the doctor or pharmacist, using a humidifier, applying warm compress, using an over-the-counter (OTC) decongestants nose spray or taking OTC pain reliever. If the symptom persists, make an appointment with the doctor.